Let’s learn grammar(Narration)part 3
Today we will learn our fourth steps that means changing tense in indirect narrations.
We have to change *reported speech verb* on condition reporting verb
***a.) Simple present > Sipmle past.eg…
He *said *to me,”I *am* ill”.
Ind:He told me that he was ill.
***b) present continuous> past continuous.eg…
Mujahid said,”I am not going to coaching “.
Ind:Mujahid said that he was not going to coaching.
***c) present perfect > past perfect.eg…
Rubina said,”I have prepared my homework ”
Ind:Rubina said that she had prepared her homework.
***d)present perfect continuous >past perfect continuous. eg….
They said,”we have been working for an hour”
Ind:They said that they had been working for an hour.
***e) simple past+simple past >past perfect.eg…
Zakiya said, “I wrote a poem about Covid 19”
Ind:Zakiya said that she had written a poem about Covid 19.
***f) Fiture indefinite will be changed in will >would, shall >should and past form of all model verb.eg…
You said, “you will help me”
Ind:You said that you would help me.
***g) Universal truth in reported speech will not be changed.eg…
The teacher said, “Honesty is the best policy.”
Ind:The teacher said that honesty is the best policy.
***h) Past perfect tense will not be changed.
He said, “I had finished my duty.”
Ind:He said that he had finished his duty.
Nasir uddin molla
Sitarampur m h high school